FLORIDA STATUTE 903
SUMMARY OF INFORMATIVE BAIL BOND LAWS FOUND IN STATUTE 903:
- 903.03 Jurisdiction of trial court to admit to bail; duties and responsibilities of Department of Corrections.—
(1) After a person is held to answer by a trial court judge, the court having jurisdiction to try the defendant shall, before indictment, affidavit, or information is filed, have jurisdiction to hear and decide all preliminary motions regarding bail and production or impounding of all articles, writings, moneys, or other exhibits expected to be used at the trial by either the state or the defendant.
(2)(a) The Department of Corrections shall have the authority on the request of a circuit court when a person charged with a noncapital crime or bailable offense is held, to make an investigation and report to the court, including:
1. The circumstances of the accused’s family, employment, financial resources, character, mental condition, and length of residence in the community;
2. The accused’s record of convictions, of appearance at court proceedings, of flight to avoid prosecution, or failure to appear at court proceedings; and
3. Other facts that may be needed to assist the court in its determination of the indigency of the accused and whether she or he should be released on her or his own recognizance.
(b) The court shall not be bound by the recommendations.
- 903.0351 Restrictions on pretrial release pending probation-violation hearing or community-control-violation hearing.—
(1) In the instance of an alleged violation of felony probation or community control, bail or any other form of pretrial release shall not be granted prior to the resolution of the probation-violation hearing or the community-control-violation hearing to:
(a) A violent felony offender of special concern as defined in s. 948.06;
(b) A person who is on felony probation or community control for any offense committed on or after the effective date of this act and who is arrested for a qualifying offense as defined in s. 948.06(8)(c); or
(c) A person who is on felony probation or community control and has previously been found by a court to be a habitual violent felony offender as defined in s. 775.084(1)(b), a three-time violent felony offender as defined in s. 775.084(1)(c), or a sexual predator under s. 775.21, and who is arrested for committing a qualifying offense as defined in s. 948.06(8)(c) on or after the effective date of this act.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply where the alleged violation of felony probation or community control is based solely on the probationer or offender’s failure to pay costs or fines or make restitution payments.
- 903.20 Surrender of defendant.—The defendant may surrender himself or herself or a surety may surrender the defendant any time before a breach of the bond.
- 903.22 Arrest of principal by surety before forfeiture.—A surety may arrest the defendant before a forfeiture of the bond for the purpose of surrendering the defendant or the surety may authorize a peace officer to make the arrest by endorsing the authorization on a certified copy of the bond.
- 903.34 Who may admit to bail.—In criminal actions instituted or pending in any state court, bonds given by defendants before trial until appeal shall be approved by a committing trial court judge or the sheriff. Appeal bonds shall be approved as provided in s. 924.15.